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Home » Private: Your Eye Health » Eye Diseases » Macular Degeneration » Forms of Macular Degeneration

Forms of Macular Degeneration

There are two forms of macular degeneration, dry (non-neovascular) or wet (neovascular). The term neovascular refers to the growth of new blood vessels.

Dry AMD (non-neovascular)

Dry AMD is the most common form of the disease, making up about 85%-90% of all cases of AMD. It is characterized by blurred central vision or blind spots, as the macula begins to deteriorate. Dry AMD is an early stage of the disease and is less severe than the wet form,.

Dry AMD occurs when the aging tissues of the macula begin to thin out and break down. Tiny pieces of white or yellowish protein called drusen begin to appear, which are thought to be deposits from the macular tissue as it deteriorates. The appearance of these drusen are often what leads to a diagnosis of AMD during an eye exam.

With dry AMD vision loss happens gradually, however, the dry form can progress to wet AMD rapidly. There is currently no cure for dry AMD, however there is research that shows that some people can benefit from supplemental vitamin therapy including antioxidants, lutein and zeaxanthin.

Wet AMD (neovascular)

Wet AMD is less common occurring in only about 10 percent of those with AMD. AMD is classified as Wet AMD when abnormal blood vessels begin to grow under the retina and leak fluid and blood into the macula, resulting in blind spots and a loss of central vision. Wet AMD can cause more damage to vision and permanent scarring if not treated quickly, so any sudden blur in vision should be assessed immediately, especially if one is aware that they have AMD. Usually vision loss happens faster and is more noticeable than in dry AMD so the quicker it is treated, the more vision you can preserve.

stouffvillecovid

Dear Valued Patients,

We would like to clarify to our patients that despite the province-wide lockdown starting Thursday, December 24, our office is still open.  Patients who have appointments already booked will still be seen as scheduled.

We will continue to operate in a way that is in alignment with provincial guidelines and is designed to keep you and our staff safe while still allowing us to deliver the high standard of eye care you are accustom to.

Our doctors have modified their schedules to increase physical distancing. As a result, fewer appointments are available, and we are having to assign these appointments to people with immediate and greatest needs.

We will also be:

• Using telehealth appointments, when appropriate, to deliver care from a distance.

• Time in our Frame Gallery will be scheduled for patients to try on and choose eyewear.

• All eyewear adjustments, repairs, and pick-ups will be scheduled.

• Our doors will be closed as we will not be accepting walk-ins at this time.

• Contact lenses will continue to be shipped directly to patients.

We look forward to servicing our amazing community with all their eye care needs and thank you for supporting us as we navigate these unprecedented times.

Stouffville Optometry