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Causes of Diabetic Retinopathy

What are the causes of diabetic retinopathy and long-term diabetes? Changes in blood-sugar levels is the main culprit. People suffering from diabetes generally develop diabetic retinopathy after at least ten years of having the disease. Once you are diagnosed with diabetes, it is essential to have an eye exam once a year or more.

In the early stage of diabetic retinopathy, called background or non-proliferative retinopathy, high blood sugar in the retina damages blood vessels, which bleed or leak fluid. This leaking or bleeding causes swelling in the retina, which forms deposits.

In the later stage of diabetic retinopathy, called proliferative retinopathy, new blood vessels begin to grow on the retinal. These new blood vessels may break, causing bleeding into the vitreous, which is the clear gelatinous matter that fills the inside of the eye. This breakage can cause serious vision difficulties. This form of diabetic retinopathy can cause blindness, and is therefore the more serious form of the disease.

It is not hard to greatly reduce your risk of diabetic retinopathy by following some simple steps and being aware of your overall health. The most important factor you can control is maintaining your blood sugar at a healthy level. Eating a healthy diet will help greatly in controlling blood sugar levels. A regular exercise regimen is also a great help. Finally, make sure to listen to your doctor’s instructions.

stouffvillecovid

Dear Valued Patients,

We would like to clarify to our patients that despite the province-wide lockdown starting Thursday, December 24, our office is still open.  Patients who have appointments already booked will still be seen as scheduled.

We will continue to operate in a way that is in alignment with provincial guidelines and is designed to keep you and our staff safe while still allowing us to deliver the high standard of eye care you are accustom to.

Our doctors have modified their schedules to increase physical distancing. As a result, fewer appointments are available, and we are having to assign these appointments to people with immediate and greatest needs.

We will also be:

• Using telehealth appointments, when appropriate, to deliver care from a distance.

• Time in our Frame Gallery will be scheduled for patients to try on and choose eyewear.

• All eyewear adjustments, repairs, and pick-ups will be scheduled.

• Our doors will be closed as we will not be accepting walk-ins at this time.

• Contact lenses will continue to be shipped directly to patients.

We look forward to servicing our amazing community with all their eye care needs and thank you for supporting us as we navigate these unprecedented times.

Stouffville Optometry